Initiatives to realize biodiversity protection
At the Second Part of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15) held in December 2022, global goals regarding biodiversity were adopted. The “30 by 30 target'' has been set to conserve at least 30% of land and sea by 2030, and companies are required to assess the impact of their business and promote information disclosure.
Since FY2011, the Hitachi Construction Machinery Group has been introducing its employees to our point of view regarding how our corporate activities are related to the ecosystem, as well as international trends and case studies from those initiatives, based on the “Hitachi Group Ecosystems Preservation Guideline.” To further deepen our employees’ awareness, we have been making attempts with the Hitachi Group’s “Ecosystem Preservation Assessment for Business” since FY2012 to assess our efforts regarding the entire range of business activities. In FY 2015, this evaluation was fully carried out on major production locations subject to consolidation. This gained and awareness of relationships with ecosystems throughout the entirety of a life cycle, ascertained the present situation, and specified issues. Furthermore, of the approximately 400 activities currently underway, 63 have been deemed to require improvement.
A representative example of ecosystem conservation activities is the afforestation of the Horqin desert, which was carried out by Hitachi Construction Machinery (Shanghai) for a 10-year period since 2005. Aiming for the restoration of habitats that have been destroyed and turned to desert due to over-grazing etc. and protection of weak ecosystems, a 100,000m2 desert belt within the Horqin desert of China’s autonomous Inner Mongolia region has been designated as an “Hitachi Construction Machinery Carbon Offset Forest” and afforested, which has contributed greatly to greening. 26 of our partner dealers are participating in our new plan for the next 10 years which commenced in 2015 for the first time, and afforestation of a desert belt of 130,000m2 has begun.
Through this initiative, we were able to protect the trees planted in desert areas from illegal logging and wild animals, and successfully allowed them to grow larger. Progress in greening has reduced wind and dust damage, leading to environmental improvements. Additionally, by asking people from nearby villages to take care of the trees, they also contributed to the creation of continuous employment. We will continue to promote this as one of the Hitachi Construction Machinery Group's contribution measures to biodiversity conservation.
The Hitachi Construction Machinery Group has considered important guidelines*1 in totality on the basis of this assessment, and has formulated the “Ecosystem Conservation Activities and Initiatives List”. The implementation status of initiatives, and targets have been clearly specified on the basis of the “Ecosystem Conservation Activities and Initiatives List”, and we are aiming for further progress.
*1 The Ministry of the Environment’s “Guidelines for Private Sector Engagement in Biodiversity,” JBIB’s “Guidelines for Offices Promoting Coexistence with Living Creatures,” JBIB’s “Guidelines for Raw Materials Procurement for Businesses that Consider Biodiversity,” JBIB’s “Guidelines for Forest Creation for Coexistence,” etc.